杨洁勉研究员出席“世界经济论坛全球行动小组”首次会议

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      世界经济论坛(又称“达沃斯论坛”)已于近期组建了“全球行动小组”,邀请中国的傅莹大使和杨洁勉研究员等及其他国家的外交官、专家和商界领袖为小组成员。“全球行动小组”主要关注三方面的讨论和协作:加强多边体系、加强与多方利益相关者的伙伴关系、加强新兴经济体的合作共赢等。世界经济论坛主席Børge Brende主持了5月11日的首次会议,杨洁勉研究员就全球多边主义的观念和实践发展以及中美关系发表了看法。以下是杨洁勉为会议准备的英文文字稿要点:

 

Reflecting on and Redefining of Multilateralism at the New Times

(新时期多边主义的再审视和再定义)

 

Multilateralism has long been existing with international interaction. However, it is presently confronting with great challenges in conceptions, formations and actions.

 

First, the international community must strive for maximum agreement on multilateralism. Nowadays, most state actors and non-state actors alike believe that multilateralism enshrines the essences of democracy of international relations, respects the interests and rights of all the actors, and remains the most effective way to deal with global issues. However, not all the members of international community think this way, let alone act accordingly. To the Trump administration and the like, multilateralism is something that it could throw away at will.

 

Furthermore, the international community should realize that multilateralism is at a juncture from a mere way of multilateral dealings to a key norm that governs international interaction at this new era.

 

In terms of new connotation and function of multilateralism in making, the academic and political circles have different roles to play. It is the responsibilities of the academia including think tanks to conceptualize new multilateralism and find the way to translate it into reality. Therefore, the wisdom of the West and the rest should be pooled and mobilized to redefine multilateralism and make it a global consensus. In the past, the world academic circle stood the test of Trumpian unilateralism. At present and in the future, the academic circle should further promote inclusive multilateralism while criticizing pseudo multilateralism. Additionally, the academic circle should use their wildest possible imagination to design the relevant systems and institutions, the latter should be a mixture of both realistically feasible and ideally pursuable.

 

The political circle has multi-fold responsibilities to shoulder and roles to play. For the strategy-makers and policy-deciders, they need think and move beyond the immediate interests and considerations. Instead, they should use multilateralism guide their strategy and policy. For the functional level of practitioners, they should try their best to coordinate the government, business and the society while making sure that the implementation of the related strategies and policies are on the right track. Regarding the former practitioners, many of them have the advantages of both the governmental officials and the non-governmental ones. With the revolving door opportunities, they have a third advantage to switch between the governments and non-governments. They are expected to play a unique and effective role in the thinking and implementing multilateralism.

 

All in all, the Global Action Group grasps a key issue of the present world and is expected to fulfill this historic mission in a constructive or even epochal way in the benefits of the world present and future.

2021年5月13日 09:45